Doctors are studying the connection between breast implants and cancer
In today's society, many women try to match the current ideal of beauty as much as possible. This includes, for example, that those affected are as slim as possible and nevertheless have female curves. Women can often be given operative support, sometimes with serious health consequences. Researchers have now found that women with some types of breast implants are up to 14 times more likely to develop a rare form of cancer.
In their investigation, scientists at Macquarie University in Australia found that certain types of breast implants can massively increase the risk of cancer. The doctors published the results of their study in the journal "American Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery".
Researchers are trying to better understand the risks of breast implants
There is an increase in cancer cases in Australia, which seems to be related to the breast implants used. Physicians compared 55 cases of breast cancer between 2007 and August 2016 against the sales data of three leading breast implant manufacturers. In this way, the experts wanted to better understand the risks that can be triggered by the different products.
Types of implants with a more structured surface are particularly dangerous
Apparently, implants with a more structured surface significantly increase the risk of developing a so-called anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), the authors explain. Of the three structured implants examined, so-called Biocell implants led to the highest risk for ALCL. Around one in 3,800 breast implants of this type appear to be associated with cancer, the scientists speculate.
Implants and their effects on cancer risk
The increased risk for the highly structured implants was about 14 times the risk of so-called Silitex textured implants. The likelihood of developing cancer using such implants was one in 60,000, the authors explain. Silimed polyurethane implants have an approximately 10-fold increased risk of developing ALCL compared to Siltex implants. However, these implants have only been available in Australia for a short time and this could have influenced the risk profile, the researchers explain.
90 percent of the new breeding implants used in Australia have a textured surface
All four recorded breast cancer deaths in Australia and New Zealand that were clearly associated with breast implants were associated with Biocell implants, the researchers report. These textured-surface implants are used in approximately 90 percent of the estimated 40,000 breast implants performed in Australia annually, author Anand Deva explains.
Increased surface area can lead to increased bacterial contamination
One reason for the increased risk from Biocell and Silimed implants could be the enlarged surface. The larger area can cause increased bacterial contamination on the surface, the scientists speculate. The structured implants provide the bacteria with the ideal surface to grow in huge quantities if they are not adequately controlled. Eliminating the bacteria and reducing the contamination of textured implants could also reduce the risk of ALCL.
Women with breast implants should be examined regularly
Plastic surgeons and patients have a variety of reasons to choose a structured implant. Patients are advised that their plastic surgeon should provide them with thorough information about possible risks before they make a decision, the scientists say. The experts also recommend that women with breast implants should be examined regularly. If you notice swelling, you should urgently see a doctor. (as)