Colonoscopy is the best cancer prevention: don't just rely on nutrition
Colon cancer is one of the three most common types of cancer in Germany. A healthy lifestyle can prevent many diseases. Nutrition is particularly important here. But that alone is not enough. Doctors point out that screening tests are the best prevention.
Do not lose sight of early detection exams
According to health experts, colorectal cancer is the third most common cause of cancer death for men after prostate and lung cancer and the second most common cause of cancer death for women after breast cancer in Germany. To prevent illness, you should eat a balanced diet and move a lot. But people with a healthy lifestyle should also lose sight of the important screening tests. Especially not those who have colon cancer in their family.
Colonoscopy is the best prevention
Scientific studies have shown that you can prevent colon cancer with a wholesome diet. The daily consumption of nuts also contributes to natural cancer protection.
The frequent consumption of red meat, however, is considered a risk factor for colorectal cancer. In contrast, vegetarians are less likely to get colon cancer, according to a study by US researchers.
If you want to prevent cancer, you shouldn't rely solely on nutritional recommendations, warns the professional association of resident gastroenterologists in a message from the dpa news agency.
According to the experts, the best prevention is still a colonoscopy. In this examination - called colonoscopy - polyps were identified and removed early. Ideally, a tumor will not develop at all.
Early detection can save lives
Persons over the age of 50 who are legally insured are entitled to an early test that looks for blood in the stool.
From the age of 56, the cash register pays a colonoscopy. Ten years later, patients can have a colonoscopy performed again.
The preventive medical check-up is particularly important if the family has had colon cancer cases. Early detection can save lives because a tumor in the colon or rectum grows slowly and does not cause any problems for a long time for most people affected.
"In relatives of colon cancer sufferers, the risk of contracting the disease increases two to four times that of the general population," said the spokeswoman for the established gastrointestinal doctors, Dr. Dagmar Mainz, in a message. "Preventive colonoscopy is highly recommended, especially for these people."
Balanced diet and regular exercise
According to gastrointestinal doctors, an unhealthy diet high in sugar and animal fat can promote cancer.
It is therefore generally advisable to eat a balanced diet with lots of vegetables, fruit, some fish, little meat and vegetable fats. Refraining from smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can also lower the risk of colon cancer. And regular exercise also protects against cancer.
However, if symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation or even blood appear in the stool, the family doctor should first be consulted, who in case of doubt decides to consult a gastrointestinal doctor. (ad)