Ticks are already active: first Lyme disease has been reported
It is often assumed that ticks can only become dangerous in spring and summer, but the small bloodsuckers are active even at relatively low temperatures. This can also be seen in the reported diseases. The first cases of Lyme disease already exist in Brandenburg.
Ticks are active even in cool temperatures
Ticks are not only on the way when it is cozy and warm, but already at relatively cool temperatures. The risk of being bitten by a tick is lower in cold weather, since you are not usually out in the country with short things. Nevertheless, one should search for stays in nature. The fact that the small bloodsuckers are already active can also be seen in the reported cases of illness in Brandenburg.
Dozens of Lyme disease have already been reported
The Brandenburg Ministry of Health in Potsdam announced that 64 cases of Lyme disease caused by tick bites have been reported since the beginning of the year.
According to the information, there were a total of 1,547 Lyme reports in the country last year.
According to the ministry, Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease in Europe. However, the occurrence varies from region to region. According to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), transmission from person to person is not possible.
Bacteria can lead to infections
In this infectious disease, bacteria enter the human body through a tick bite, which can then lead to infections.
According to RKI, symptoms can include reddening of the skin, fever, muscle and headaches and even paralysis. Some complaints can only appear after months.
If the disease remains undetected and untreated, it can lead to chronic damage to the heart, nerves and joints, among other things.
There is vaccination against TBE
In addition to Lyme disease, ticks can also transmit early summer meningoencephalitis (TBE). This disease can be particularly severe in the elderly. Symptoms appear in about a third of those infected.
First, there are flu-like symptoms such as fever, headache, vomiting and dizziness.
Many TBE sufferers also develop inflammation of the brain, meninges or spinal cord. In extreme cases, the disease is fatal.
TBE cannot be treated causally, doctors can only alleviate the symptoms. Vaccination against TBE is available - but not against Lyme disease. However, the latter can be treated with antibiotics.
Protect from ticks
Experts advise you to protect yourself as well as possible from ticks. Ideally, you should stay on the trails for walks. When hiking, you should always remember to wear long trousers and, if necessary, put your legs in your socks. Special sprays, so-called repellents, can also keep the crawling animals away.
In addition, one should search thoroughly for stays in nature and, if necessary, react quickly. Hurry after a tick bite. Since the dangerous pathogens spread in the bloodstream eight to twelve hours after the bite, the risk of infection can be drastically reduced if you find and remove ticks early.
If you notice after the bite of a tick that there is reddening of the skin at the injection site, you should see a doctor immediately. Because this is an indication of Lyme disease. (ad)