Antibiotic resistance: the twelve most dangerous bacteria in the world
The World Health Organization (WHO) has published a list of resistant bacterial agents that are currently the greatest threat to human health. The fight against antibiotic resistance is to be further intensified.
Millions killed by multi-resistant germs
More and more people are dying from germs that are resistant to antibiotics. If such medications stop working, even small inflammations can become a big risk. The problem of increasing antibiotic resistance must be brought under control. Otherwise, according to scientists, there is a risk of a horror scenario. According to a study, there could be around ten million deaths from multi-resistant germs by 2050. The World Health Organization (WHO) has now published a list of the currently most dangerous bacteria.
Research and development of new antibiotics should be promoted
The WHO list lists the “12 families of bacteria that pose the greatest threat to human health,” said a statement.
According to the information, the catalog was created to promote the research and development of new antibiotics.
WHO called on governments to incentivize researchers in universities and pharmaceutical companies to develop new antibiotics.
The Federal Ministry of Health (BMG) had also recently announced that it was determined to fight antibiotic resistance. The "Breaking through the Wall" report commissioned by the BMG mentions measures to strengthen the research and development of new antibiotics.
Antibiotic resistance is increasing
"This list is a new tool to ensure that research and development respond to the urgent needs of public health," said Dr. Marie-Paule Kieny, WHO Director General for Health Systems and Innovation.
“Antibiotic resistance is increasing and we will soon no longer have treatment options. If we leave it to market forces alone, the new antibiotics that we urgently need will not be developed in time. ”
According to the WHO, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacteriaceae belong to the genus of the most dangerous germs. Resistance to carbapenems had occurred with these germs. These are antibiotics that are usually only used when other antibiotics do not work.
Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus Aureus, Helicobacter Pylori, Campylobacter, Salmonella and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which are also resistant to various antibiotics, are also listed.
A third group lists bacteria that are resistant but can still be treated with certain antibiotics: Streptococcus Pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Shigellen.
Pathogens have no limits
According to Prof. Evelina Tacconelli, member of the European Society for Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID), millions of patients worldwide are affected. According to her, 60 percent of patients with serious infections who cannot be treated with antibiotics die, reports the dpa news agency.
However, the WHO does not want to participate in estimates of the worldwide number of fatal infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria. A point of reference is the information provided by British researchers, who in 2014 mentioned 700,000 a year worldwide. Multi-resistant germs, in which several antibiotics no longer work, are particularly critical.
The new list was developed by the WHO together with researchers from the University of Tübingen. The topic will soon be brought up at the G20 meeting of health experts.
"We need effective antibiotics today and in the future in order to be able to treat communicable diseases well," said Federal Health Minister Hermann Gröhe (CDU).
"With the German Antibiotic Resistance Strategy, we are leading the way in the fight against antibiotic resistance." However, diseases and resistant pathogens know no boundaries and must be combated globally. (ad)