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The preparation of rice has a major impact on the pollutants it contains
There are many dishes in the world that contain rice or use it as a side dish. Rice is a daily staple in India, China and Japan. Researchers found that the type of preparation strongly influences whether we ingest harmful chemicals into our bodies through the consumption of rice.
Scientists at Queens University Belfast in England have now found out from an investigation that the wrong way of preparing rice causes harmful chemicals to get into our bodies. This can lead to health problems and serious illnesses. The doctors released a press release on the results of their study.
Rice is a staple in many countries
Rice is an important staple in some countries around the world. India is one of these countries. Without the daily dose of rice, many people would starve there and the effects would likely be so severe that the entire Indian economic system would be shaken. Rice is also often used in many other countries to produce regional specialties or staple foods.
How can you process rice?
Rice can be prepared in a variety of ways. The most common method is cooking. The rice is cooked in hot water. This method has been the most common for centuries, the authors say. But there are other ways of preparation: Rice, for example, can be watered and then processed as dough. Or the rice is crushed and then used as a coarse powder, the researchers explain. But which type of preparation or processing is the healthiest for humans?
Industrial toxins and pesticides in the soil contaminate the rice
According to the latest study by experts from Queens University Belfast, the chemicals from industrial toxins and pesticides in the soil contaminate the rice. This would endanger the health of millions of people worldwide. Various studies have already been carried out into the harmful effects of pesticides. They found out how the chemicals get into our food and lead to various diseases.
Rice often contains arsenic
What dangerous chemical does rice contain? The answer is arsenic. This chemical element mostly occurs in a combination with sulfur and metals in many minerals, explain the doctors. It is widely used industrially in the manufacture of pesticides and insecticides. But groundwater from different countries around the world also contains high amounts of natural arsenic.
How does arsenic get into the human body?
The chemical then gets into the human body through contaminated water or food, the scientists say. So-called arsenic poisoning can be triggered. This causes vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea. Arsenic can also lead to cancer and skin lesions. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), long-term exposure to arsenic has also been linked to developmental effects, cardiovascular disease, neurotoxicity and diabetes.
Improper farming practices increase arsenic in rice
Various studies have already indicated that improper agricultural practices can lead to an increase in arsenic in rice. If the rice is not prepared in the right way, it can lead to dangerous health risks, the authors explain.
How do I avoid arsenic poisoning?
It is important to soak the rice in water overnight. This can reduce the likelihood of arsenic poisoning, say the doctors. In this way, the risks of heart disease, diabetes and cancer can be better managed. Soaking reduced the level of the toxin by approximately 80 percent.
The least arsenic contains rice soaked in water overnight
The scientists examined three different ways of cooking rice. One of the preparation methods used a ratio of two parts water and one part rice. With this method, the rice is steamed by the water. The second type of preparation uses five parts of water and one part of rice. The rice is then washed off. This type of preparation almost halves the arsenic level. In the third method, the rice is soaked in water overnight. In this way, the concentration of the toxin could be reduced by 80 percent, the authors explain. So the results of the study suggest that the way rice is cooked can be a key factor in reducing exposure to the toxic and naturally occurring chemical. (as)