Hazel and apple not together: what can help with cross allergies
As in previous years, the pollen count starts earlier this season. People who are allergic to early bloomers such as hazel or birch sometimes feel this when they bite an apple. Because some allergy sufferers cannot tolerate certain foods. Experts explain what can help against such cross allergies.
Some pollen allergy sufferers find it particularly difficult
For people with a pollen allergy, the time of the complaints has begun. Hazel and alder are already blooming in some regions. Birch, elm and Co will soon let their pollen fly. Some allergy sufferers now suffer twice. They can have a cross allergy due to certain types of fruit and vegetables. But that does not mean that those affected can never eat apples again. Experts explain what can help them.
One of the most common food allergies in adulthood
As the German Allergy and Asthma Association (DAAB) reports on its website, pollen-associated food allergies are among the most common food allergies in adulthood. "Especially with a pollen allergy to early flowering trees and shrubs (birch, alder, hazel), food allergies often occur simultaneously," write the experts.
DAAB spokeswoman Sonja Lämmel said in a message from the dpa news agency: "The early bloomers contain allergy triggers similar to many foods."
So those affected are not allergic to apple or cherry, rather their immune system confuses the allergy triggers in the food with those in the pollen.
Cross allergies with raw stone and pome fruit
"In early bloomers, there are cross allergies of this type, especially with raw stone and pome fruit such as apples, cherries, plums and kiwi," says Lämmel. However, some also react to apricot, pear or mango, as well as hazelnuts and raw almonds.
According to Lämmel, it depends on two things whether there is a cross allergy: on the one hand, how similar the allergen is to that in the pollen and, on the other hand, on various trigger factors.
"This includes, for example, how strong the pollen count is at the moment," said the spokeswoman. Accordingly, it may be that someone cannot tolerate a raw apple in spring, but it can in autumn.
Compote instead of fresh apples
According to lambs, all foods that have caused tingling at some point should be avoided.
In some cases, however, the right preparation can also help: “Peeling or heating makes individual types of fruit and vegetables more tolerable. Try apple compote instead of raw apples or a cherry cake as an alternative to the fresh variant, ”writes the DAAB.
The experts have even more tips: “There are differences in variety, especially with apples. Apple varieties like Altländer, Gloster and Hammerstein are well tolerated. "
Avoid stress and alcohol
Since the allergic reactions can be intensified by drinking alcohol at the same time, this should be avoided. This also applies to stress, because: "Stress situations and stress in everyday life can influence the allergic reactions."
The DAAB and its spokeswoman recommend that you contact an allergological nutritional counselor who will look at the patient how to process certain fruits or vegetables so that he can tolerate them better.
"However, that depends on the individual case," said Lämmel. According to the DAAB, part of the cost of such advice is usually covered by the health insurance.
According to Lämmel, those affected should generally only do as little as necessary, but enjoy as much as possible. Because a varied diet is important to stay healthy. (ad)