Unteachable smokers resist any arguments. They even think "you have to die of something". Indeed, a smoker is likely to die from the consequences of his consumption. According to several scientific papers, smokers live on average about 10 years less than non-smokers. Smokers often die of lung cancer, COPD, stomach and colon cancer, stroke or a heart attack. The sufferings are usually for years until death releases the smoker.
According to a statement by the University of Oxford, "the main results of the study are that the risk of smoking for women is greater than that of previous studies - but also that giving up smoking has greater benefits than previously thought." By up to ten Years could increase life expectancy for women if, by the age of 39, they had already stopped smoking, the researchers write.
Smokers died about three times more often
In the largest British smoker study to date, the researchers led by Professor Sir Richard Peto from Oxford University examined the effects of tobacco use on the life expectancy of women. Between 1996 and 2001, the scientists recruited around 1.3 million women between the ages of 50 and 65 for their studies. The participants provided information about their lifestyle, medical and social factors in a questionnaire. Three years later, they took part in another study.
For more than 12 years - from the time of the first survey - the researchers accompanied the test subjects and examined the deaths that occurred. At the start of the study, 20 percent of the participants were smokers, 28 percent were ex-smokers and 52 percent had never smoked, write Prof. Peto and colleagues. If the women were still smokers in the second examination after three years, they died on average three times more often than non-smokers in the next new years, according to the Oxford University.
Ten years of life can be gained by stopping smoking
The death statistics also showed that smokers who stopped using tobacco in their 30s significantly improved their life expectancy. "The largest study of smoking among women in the UK to date has shown that women smokers lose at least ten years of their lives," says the University of Oxford, adding: But stopping smoking before the age of 40 avoids 90 percent of the increased risk of death .
In doing so, the researchers support the previous thesis that the organism will recover somewhat from the damage caused by smoking after a certain period of time. However, final proof of this assumption is still pending and the British researchers conclude that an early end to tobacco consumption has a significantly more positive effect than cessation of smoking in later years. Professor Peto emphasized that "smokers who quit before reaching middle age will gain an average of an additional 10 years of life." If a person stops smoking later in life, the lifespan gained is significantly shorter. (fp)