Clarification with the urologist is important
If red traces mix in the usually yellowish urine, those affected should take it seriously and consult a urologist. This is pointed out by the Uro-GmbH North Rhine medical network. Certain foods such as beetroot, blueberries or rhubarb can sometimes cause discoloration of the urine, but this can be ruled out, but there are often diseases worth treating. In addition to bladder and kidney diseases, cysts and polyps, cancer and inflammation of the seminal bladder, urethra or prostate also cause bleeding. Urologists then clarify the cause using laboratory diagnostics and physical examinations.
Cystitis can spread to the kidneys
“Bladder infections are the most common cause of blood in the urine,” says Dr. Reinhold Schaefer, urologist and managing director of Uro-GmbH Nordrhein. It is particularly common in women because they have a shorter urethra and bacteria can migrate into the bladder more easily. In addition to pain when urinating, sufferers often suffer from a frequent urge to urinate, even if there is hardly any urine. If the urine also changes color and if there is no improvement after a few days, a urologist should be consulted. Because bladder infections sometimes spread to the kidneys. Then fever, body aches and fatigue are often added to the symptoms.
Pointed urinary stones injure sensitive tissues
Those who suffer from stones in the kidneys, ureter or bladder often do not notice this immediately, because they usually only cause complaints when they loosen and become stuck in tight structures. However, the small, pointed crystals usually irritate the mucous membranes beforehand and lead to injuries that are noticeable through blood in the urine. If you go to the urologist in time, you can have stones treated gently and, for example, avoid painful occlusions of the ureter if stones that are too big come off. Drinking a lot prevents it because the kidneys are flushed so well.
Have cysts and polyps observed
Benign changes in the mucous membranes of the kidneys, bladder and ureters, i.e. cysts and polyps, also sometimes cause bleeding when they are injured or burst. Although they are generally considered harmless, they should be observed regularly. Otherwise, urologists must also remove them surgically.
Bladder cancer mainly affects men
"If there is blood in the urine without any signs of bladder or kidney inflammation, the presence of bladder cancer should be ruled out," advises Dr. Schaefer to go to the urologist. Bloody urine is considered an early warning sign of bladder cancer that occurs before other symptoms appear. In the early stages, the chances of a cure for bladder cancer, which often affects men, are very good.
Blood in the urine even in typical men's diseases
Urine can also turn red when the seminal vesicles and prostate are inflamed. "There is often a benign disease behind it that can be treated well," explains Dr. Shepherd. Urologists also clarify whether the blood can be an indication of prostate cancer. Since prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men, the annual check-up should be mandatory for every man aged 45 and over. (pm)