Good intentions: there should be at least one precaution
"Smoking is lethal" sentences and shock pictures on cigarette boxes make it clear to the smoker more than he likes how harmful the regular use of the glow stick is. Most try to ignore these clues simply because it is so difficult for them to stay away from them. Anyone who makes the resolution in the new year to finally stop will find support from the doctor.
Numerous health problems are directly related to tobacco consumption and often lead to fatal diseases. In addition to addictive nicotine, tobacco smoke contains more than 4000 substances. These include many pollutants such as carbon monoxide, formaldehyde and various heavy metals. They weaken the body's immune system and cause damage, particularly to organs that come into direct contact with them. The upper and lower airways, such as the oral cavity, tongue, throat, larynx, esophagus, trachea, bronchi and lungs, are particularly affected. “When you inhale the smoke, the tissue becomes irritated. In the long run, this leads to damage, ”explains Dr. Uso Walter, Chairman of the HNOnet NRW medical network. "There is a reduction in taste and smell, chronic cough due to" left behind "mucus and cancer of the tongue, throat and larynx." For example, the mucous membranes can no longer fulfill their defense function against pathogens. Bacteria and viruses settle, infections occur frequently.
So there are good reasons to quit smoking. If you can't do it alone, you can seek help from ENT doctors. On the way to becoming a non-smoker, they often accompany you with special medical smoking cessation programs. They are based on current research results and support patients with tailor-made therapy plans during the difficult process. For example, there are carbon monoxide tests that show the degree of dependence on patients. Knowledge gained in this way serves as the basis for individual measures. In order to minimize the desire to smoke, the range extends from medicinal support to acupuncture.
If you can't get rid of the vice, ENT doctors recommend having your oral cavity, larynx and soft tissues of the throat examined regularly to rule out cancer in the mouth, throat and larynx. "In order to be able to recognize possible changes early and to be able to treat them, endoscopic precaution is recommended every two years," explains Dr. Walter. The ENT examinations are not part of the service catalog of the statutory health insurance companies. However, if you invest 60 euros and take about 20 minutes every 2 years, you can often avoid serious consequences of smoking. Malicious changes often show up very late due to complaints. (pm)