Natural distrust is often absent in children with alcohol impairment
Even if there are still people who do not want to admit it: Already small amounts of alcohol during pregnancy can cause permanent damage to the unborn child. Those affected often need help even as adults.
Small amounts of alcohol can cause permanent damage
Unfortunately, it is still not clear to many people that alcohol consumption has consequences for the unborn child. Even some pregnant women are unaware of the alcohol taboo. Even one - supposedly harmless - glass can be dangerous. According to health experts, even small amounts of alcohol can cause harm to the unborn child. Many of those affected will show behavioral problems later.
Risks are underestimated
According to a survey from last year, 18 percent of Germans find alcohol acceptable during pregnancy.
On the website "gynecologists on the Internet" there is a possible explanation for why so many think so: "On the one hand, the reason for alcohol consumption during pregnancy is that some women do not know that they are pregnant when they drink alcohol to take. On the other hand, pregnant mothers underestimate the risks of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. ”
Around 10,000 children with alcohol-related disorders
Expectant mothers who consume wine, beer and Co. endanger the health of their offspring. Children who were exposed to alcohol during pregnancy often develop behavioral problems later.
As the professional association for child and adolescent psychiatry, psychosomatics and psychotherapy in Germany (BKJPP) reports in a message from the dpa news agency, affected children are more at risk because they can hardly assess the consequences for themselves and others.
According to psychiatrists, they often lack the natural distrust that protects people from danger. This puts them at greater risk of becoming a follower or victim of crime.
According to the psychiatrists, so-called fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are the most common reason for congenital disabilities in Germany. Around 10,000 children are born with such a disorder every year.
Intellectual deficits and psychological abnormalities
Whether an unborn child is harmed or not depends not only on the amount of alcohol consumed, but also on the individual alcohol tolerance of mother and child. Therefore, a glass of sparkling wine or beer can affect the child during pregnancy.
"Most of these affected children do not look at the damage, but they have intellectual and intellectual deficits or psychological abnormalities," report the "gynecologists on the Internet".
However, the malformation is visible in some children - for example, some have smaller eyes or a narrow upper lip. In others, the brain is sometimes affected.
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder often goes unnoticed
For example, according to the BKJPP, these children are permanently restless, nervous or frightened. If the child is not malformed, the fetal alcohol spectrum disorder often goes unnoticed.
In order to protect it from legal conflicts or sexual abuse, it is important to provide psychological care to the child as early as possible, according to the BKJPP.
Behavioral therapy can help affected children deal with their mood swings or impulsive behavior, the experts report. This way you can protect yourself from being exploited. Movement and speech therapy can also be useful.
Many still need help as adults. According to the BKJPP, around 85 percent of those affected are unable to pursue a profession. (ad)