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Too much fat in the blood
Fats, so-called lipids, are vital for us. They provide us with energy and make an important contribution to many bodily functions, including they are responsible for the formation of hormones and bile acid. Lipids include triglycerides, cholesterol, phospholipids, but also fat-soluble vitamins, which are transported to the body cells via the blood. Since lipids are not soluble in the blood and would clog the arteries as molecular spheres, they are bound to special proteins for transport. In bound form, they can cross the bloodstream as “lipoproteins”.
Good and bad cholesterol
90 percent of our food fats, e.g. B. from butter, cooking oil, margarine, dairy products, meat, eggs or nuts, we include as triglycerides. If we eat too much of it, overweight and high blood lipids will result. This permanently damages the blood vessels. In addition to high-fat diets, type II diabetes and heavy alcohol consumption are serious risk factors for poor blood lipid levels. In many cases not only the triglyceride values are increased, but also the cholesterol level.
A distinction is made between “bad” LDL cholesterol (low density lipoprotein) and “good” HDL cholesterol (high density lipoprotein). If there is too much LDL cholesterol in the blood (more than 160 mg / dl in healthy people), the excess is not transported to the body cells as desired, but can be deposited in the muscles and arteries. In the long term, arteriosclerosis occurs, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke. HDL cholesterol, on the other hand, removes excess cholesterol and carries it to the liver, where it is broken down. A high HDL value (more than 40 mg / dl in healthy people) is therefore desirable for stable blood lipid values.
Lower blood lipid levels
In order to balance blood lipid levels, obesity should be reduced through a healthy, low-fat and high-fiber diet combined with exercise. Cholesterol is mainly found in fatty meat, cheese, butter and eggs. These foods should therefore only occasionally be on the menu. Better are high-fiber vegetables, whole grains and vegetable oils such as olives, rapeseed or avocado oil (New Zealand house). Bitter substances also help the liver break down excess fats. They are in lettuce, herbs and vegetables. Artichoke or dandelions are extremely rich in bitter substances. Their active ingredients from naturally pure fresh plant press juice (health food store or pharmacy, e.g. from Schoenenberger) are particularly effective. The plants are freshly pressed and contain the entire active ingredient ring in a concentrated form. Tea made from wormwood also stimulates liver activity, as does dandelion tea or specially tailored bile and liver tea from the pharmacy (from H&S). Press juices and teas should be drunk daily to achieve the best effect.