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Comparative studies: the more chocolate, the less diabetes?


The more chocolate, the less diabetes, better brain performance, smoother vessels
Current studies again show positive correlations between chocolate consumption and numerous health parameters: One study showed the “inverse correlation” of chocolate consumption and type 2 diabetes: Participants who never or hardly ate chocolate were almost twice as likely to be at risk in the 5-year observation period to get diabetes like subjects who eat chocolate more than once a week
ate [1]. With increasing chocolate consumption, the same study group also showed improved brain performance, which was measured using numerous neuropsychological tests [2].

Furthermore, weekly chocolate consumption could have a positive influence on the elasticity of the blood vessels [3]. "The new observations fit seamlessly into the chain of previous chocolate studies, in which chocolate lovers consistently had better health parameters," explains nutritionist and author Uwe Knop, "so nobody has to be afraid of chocolate Santa Claus."

Recent publications from 2016 have already shown that chocolate consumption is associated with a low risk for cardiac circulatory disorders and heart attack [4] as well as for mental degradation
is [5]. Furthermore, a study in the renowned British Journal of Nutrition found that the daily consumption of chocolate is associated with a reduced likelihood of insulin resistance [6], an indicator of pre-diabetes and an important risk factor of the metabolic syndrome.

Slim chocolate eater
Chocolate studies not only provide surprising observations in terms of health, also with regard to body weight: A current large-scale analysis of 19 studies, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the top scientific journal of the American Society for Nutrition, revealed: The probability of being overweight and Obesity was 18% lower in children and adolescents with the highest consumption of sweets and chocolate than in the "normal snack" group (reference group) [7]. As early as 2014, a pan-European study was able to show that adolescents with high chocolate consumption have a lower percentage of body fat and a smaller abdominal circumference compared to their peers with low chocolate consumption [8]. A comparable “inverse correlation” was also observed in adults: the more chocolate, the lower the BMI [9]. As early as 2012, a study in the renowned New England Journal of Medicine provided the surprising connection: the more chocolate is eaten in a country, the more Nobel Prizes there are. Switzerland was both the leader in terms of chocolate consumption and in receiving Nobel Prizes (per ten million inhabitants) [10].

Chocolate = 50% sugar
"Unfortunately for all chocoholics, no causality [cause-effect relationship] can be derived from the correlations mentioned, for example 'chocolate prevents diabetes' or 'chocolate makes you slim'. Such conclusions do not allow nutritional studies. On the other hand, there are no correlations harmful to health that would justify a warning of 'bad chocolate', ”says Knop. But with all the potential chocolate sides of chocolate enjoyment, one aspect is special due to the current "sugar tax debate"
Explosiveness: Chocolate consists of about half of: sugar (approx. 50g in a 100g bar [ex: photo p.3]). “A sugar tax, which would also hit chocolate in full, could be due to the higher product prices
lead to reduced consumption of chocolate. In turn, this could - purely theoretically, statistically according to the study - lead to more cases of diabetes, increased insulin resistance and increasing body weight among Germans and Swiss citizens. Whether the sugar tax will bring the Nobel Price Quota to its knees should also be critical
be discussed, ”recommends Knop. Regardless of this: with regard to Christmas and its contemplative holiday chocolate products, it is important to know first: if you enjoy chocolate mindfully, you can achieve a stronger increase in your positive mood than the "careless by the way feeders" - of course, purely according to the study [11].

Swell:
[1] appetite. 2016 Oct 8; 108: 263-269; Habitual chocolate intake and type 2 diabetes
mellitus in the Maine-Syracuse Longitudinal Study: (1975-2010): Prospective
observations. NO CONFLICT OF INTEREST
[2] appetite. 2016 May 1; 100: 126-32; Chocolate intake is associated with better
cognitive function: The Maine-Syracuse Longitudinal Study.
[3] Pulse (Basel). 2016 Jul; 4 (1): 28-37; Relation of Habitual Chocolate Consumption
to Arterial Stiffness in a Community-Based Sample: Preliminary Findings.
[4] Heart. 2016 Jul 1; 102 (13): 1017-22; Chocolate consumption and risk of myocardial
infarction: a prospective study and meta-analysis
[5] J Alzheimers Dis. 2016 May 6; 53 (1): 85-93; Chocolate Consumption is Associated
with a Lower Risk of Cognitive Decline
[6] Br J Nutr. 2016 May; 115 (9): 1661-8; Daily chocolate consumption is inversely
associated with insulin resistance and liver enzymes in the Observation
of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Luxembourg study
[7] At J Clin Nutr. 2016 May; 103 (5): 1344-56; Confectionery consumption and
overweight, obesity, and related outcomes in children and adolescents: a systematic
review and meta-analysis. NO CONFLICT OF INTEREST
(Am J Clin Nutr: “The best clinical research journal in the nutrition field.”)
[8] Nutrition. 2014 Feb; 30 (2): 236-9; Association between chocolate consumption
and fatness in European adolescents.
[9] Arch Intern Med. 2012 Mar 26; 172 (6): 519-21; Association between
more frequent chocolate consumption and lower body mass index.
[10] N Engl J Med. 2012 Oct 18; 367 (16): 1562-4. doi:
10.1056 / NEJMon1211064. Epub 2012 Oct 10
Chocolate consumption, cognitive function, and Nobel laureates.
[11] Appetite. 2016 Sep 15; 108: 21-27; The sweet life: The effect of mindful
chocolate consumption on mood.

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