Many products that we use in everyday life contain substances that are harmful to health.
These are artificially made chemicals that affect hormones. We take them in with food or through the skin.
The cell biology Prof. Dr. Bernd Fischer says: "They accumulate in the body and change tissues", they led to obesity and metabolic disorders.
BUND sounds the alarm
The Federation for Environmental and Nature Conservation Germany warns of bisphenol A. This substance is in plastic, in canned food, but also in baby pacifiers.
Phthalate plasticizers are used to make plastics flexible. They are contained in cosmetics as well as in sun creams or shampoos.
It's not proven, but scientists suspect it: these plasticizers affect reproduction.
DEHP is an essential component of PVC and the most common plasticizer. Since 2000 the European Union has rated DEHP as harmful to fruit and fertility. That is why plastic industries in the EU hardly use the substance for toddler products.
The BUND writes: “The substance that makes plastics flexible is detected in the environment and in human urine. This is undesirable because the substance has damaging effects on the reproductive organs, which can affect the reproductive capacity and development of the child in the womb. ”
Some substances banned
The plasticizers DEHP, DBP and BBP are prohibited in toys and baby products - but not for other products that children use. So snorkels and diving goggles contain these substances.
Children sometimes put toys in their mouths, they must put snorkels in their mouths. Nevertheless, the plasticizers banned in baby articles are allowed here, the limit values do not apply.
DEHP in food
DEHP is also found in foods such as olive oil. However, the Federal Office for Risk Protection claims that the burden is so small that health is not at risk. The Federal Office nevertheless suggests that product brands be changed regularly.
What food contains plasticizers?
DEHP enters food through packaging and the environment. Therefore can
Meat, fat, cereals, fruits, vegetables and milk or milk products contain the plasticizer.
Samples showed particularly high values for fatty sauces such as mayonnaise and ready-made oils such as vegetables and fish from jars and canned oils.
Little danger for adults
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) considers a maximum DEHP of 50 micrograms unproblematic - per day and per kilogram of body weight. Adults in Germany ingest an average of 13-21 micrograms.
Children absorb plasticizers in everyday life
Children are about half of DEHP from their diet. In addition to products that contain plasticizers, they also breathe the substance in through house dust. Overall, they therefore presumably consume more DEHP than adults - the estimates are 14-44 micrograms per kilogram of body weight. This means that the intake is still below the limit values.
What to do?
A conscious behavior in everyday life reduces the intake of DEHP: Freshly prepared dishes contain hardly any DEHP as finished products.
If you clean the floor frequently or vacuum the carpets, young children are less exposed to the softener.
Beware of flea markets: old toys often still contain the plasticizer.
In general, children should only put things in their mouth that are intended for this.
Swimming goggles without PVC
Ökotest 7/2009 wrote about the Sun Dance swimming goggles from DM: "The manufacturer does without PVC and a lot of other unpleasant companions such as harmful plasticizers or polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)." However, these glasses also contained dibutyl tin, which is suspected of having a hormonal effect (Dr. Utz Anhalt)