Resveratrol helps women restore estrogen levels
A natural compound in red wine could help women positively influence their estrogen levels. Researchers have now found that the compound called resveratrol can help in women with hormone imbalance due to the so-called polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Scientists at the University of California, San Diego, found in an investigation that a natural compound in red wine can help women with polycystic ovary syndrome to restore estrogen levels. The doctors published the results of their study in the journal "Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism".
PCOS is the leading cause of female infertility
In the United States alone, between five and six million women suffer from PCOS. Polycystic ovary syndrome is one of the most common endocrine disorders and the leading cause of female infertility, experts from the United States explain. Women with PCOS have higher levels of testosterone and other androgen hormones in the body, which favors the formation of cysts in the ovary, doctors add.
Effects of PCOS
A higher concentration of hormones in women with PCOS can be a factor that leads to irregular or absent menstruation, weight gain, infertility, acne and excessive hair growth on the body and face, the authors explain. Affected women also have an increased risk of developing other health problems, such as type 2 diabetes.
Effects of PCOS on the children of those affected
A previous study also examined possible effects of the disease on the offspring of those affected. Descendants of women with PCOS are at increased risk of developing autism spectrum disorders, the researchers explain. Maybe people should drink a glass of wine every now and then in order to protect themselves and their children.
Study examines effects of resveratrol on hormone imbalance
For the new study, the researchers analyzed the blood samples from thirty women with PCOS. The doctors wanted to investigate the effects of resveratrol on the existing hormone imbalance. Resveratrol is part of a group of herbal compounds, the scientists say. These are known as polyphenols and are known to have anti-inflammatory properties. Such a connection is also present in nuts, for example.
Effects of taking resveratrol
When women took resveratrol supplements, their total testosterone levels dropped by 23.1 percent. In the placebo group, however, testosterone levels increased by 2.9 percent, the authors say. The level of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) fell by 22.2 percent in the resveratrol group and in the placebo group it rose by 10.5 percent. The hormone DHEAS can convert into testosterone.
Resveratrol compound reduces the likelihood of diabetes
The tested dietary supplement can help to balance the hormone imbalance, which is a key feature of PCOS, explains the author Dr. Antoni Duleba from the University of California, San Diego. In addition, administration of the resveratrol compound can also reduce the risk of diabetes, the expert added. Resveratrol significantly reduces so-called ovarian and adrenal androgens. This effect can at least partially improve insulin sensitivity, the scientists explain in their study. (as)