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Hand strength: higher risk of death can be felt by handshake


The strength of the handshake suggests health
If the handshake is warm and strong, this can be a sign of good health. It also shows whether people are rather reserved or have a healthy self-confidence. If we only have weak access, this can be a sign of inadequate health. Medicine is now adopting this fact for diagnostics.

A weak handshake indicates an increased mortality risk
Various scientific studies have shown that the handshake reveals something about people. A team of researchers around Dr. Darryl Leong of the Population Health Research Institute at McMaster University in Hamilton, Canada last year said that a weak handshake is associated with increased mortality. According to the scientists, the risk of a heart attack or stroke is particularly related to a decrease in grip strength.

At the time, the researchers concluded that "measuring the gripping force enables a simple, inexpensive assessment of the risk of cardiovascular disease such as a heart attack or stroke".

Reference values ​​created
Sociologist Nadia Steiber from the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Austria has now created reference values ​​for various groups of people in the specialist journal "PLOS ONE" that can be used in clinical practice, reports the APA news agency.

Previous studies on the subject came from the Anglo-American region. For the current study, Steiber evaluated data from the German Socio-Economic Panel with 25,000 measurements from just under 12,000 people. According to the information, reference values ​​for men and women for different age groups (between 17 and 90) and different body sizes were developed for the first time.

The force of the handshake can be measured with a dynamometer
The force of the handshake can be measured relatively easily with a so-called dynamometer; it is given in kilograms. German men and women in their 30s and 40s are the hardest hit. It is said that a man between 30 and 34 years over 1.90 meters on average has a strength of around 57 kilos, a woman between 40 and 44 years with a height between 1.80 and 1.84 meters 38 kilos.

However, if these values ​​drop below 49 or 32 kg, this is an indicator of an increased risk. In comparison, a man of the same size between 65 and 69 years only presses on average with just under 51 kg (risk threshold: around 43 kg), a 75- to 79-year-old man with around 45 kg (risk threshold: 37.5 kg) . For women of the same size as above, according to the APA, these are an average of 30.5 kilos between the ages of 65 and 69 (risk threshold: around 25 kilos) and an average of just under 29 kilos between the ages of 75 and 79 (risk threshold : a little over 24 kilos).

"Efficient screening tool for health risks"
"If the strength of the handshake falls below the reference values ​​for the age group, gender and height, this can be seen as an indicator that further health checks are required," said Steiber in a statement from the IIASA. “Measuring handshake strength is a simple but efficient screening tool for health risks in clinical practice. It hardly costs anything, ”says the expert. (ad)

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