ADHD therapies: better under control thanks to neurofeedback

A team of scientists has now been able to demonstrate that theta-beta neurofeedback can reduce impulsive behavior in ADHD patients. This shows for the first time that neurofeedback not only shows effects at the behavioral level, but also at the neurophysiological level.

Neurofeedback is a direct feedback of your own brain activity on the computer screen. Among other things, the children should move a car on the computer screen and try to win against the computer. In this way it is possible that the view of one's own thoughts is trained and the patient learns to control himself.

Nineteen children with ADHD were included in the study and neurofeedback was performed in each of the sixteen sessions. The aim and challenge was that the patients learn to regulate certain brain waves so that the concentration increases or can be better controlled. In order to investigate whether this therapeutic approach actually has the desired effects, a before-after comparison was carried out. The neurofeedback patients completed a reaction task before and after the end of the eight-week therapy, while the brain activity was measured in the EEG. Here the patients had to press a button in response to a "push impulse".

If a "stop signal" was displayed instead, the answer had to be withheld. It can be used to measure how well the children can control their behavior according to the external stimuli.

After neurofeedback, the small patients had a better grip than the comparison group, whose self-control was not trained.

Overall, the study authors observed that in addition to the important effects of neurofeedback on the impulsive behavior of the children, there were also concrete changes in brain activity. You can find the study here.

The conclusion can be drawn from this: A specially used neurofeedback procedure leads to changes in very specific areas of the brain. The typical impulsive behaviors are significantly reduced at the behavioral and neuronal levels. This shows that neurofeedback is not only superficial, but actually leads to a change in the brain. (pm)

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Video: Neurofeedback in practice successfull ADHD treatment (November 2021).