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More days off due to back problems and mental illnesses
In the first six months of this year, workers in Germany reported sick more often than in previous years. This is shown by a current analysis of DAK health. According to this, the sickness rate was 4.4 percent in the first half of the year - the highest level last seen in the 1990s. According to the analysis, more than every third working person submitted a “yellow note” at least once. The comparatively high level of sickness is primarily due to an increased number of days off due to mental suffering and diseases of the musculoskeletal system, according to the DAK.
More than every third employee is on sick leave at least once
Sickness in the first half of 2016 was higher than it has been for a long time. According to a current analysis by the statutory health insurance company DAK-Gesundheit, this was 4.4 percent, an increase of 0.3 percentage points compared to the first half of 2015. The term "sick leave" refers to the number of employees who are registered as sick in a company in a certain period of time. According to the DAK, more than every third working person (37 percent) submitted a sick leave to the employer at least once.
Working people in the East are missing more and longer
One illness lasted on average 12.3 days, compared to 11.7 days in the same period last year. A comparison of the federal states showed that working people in the eastern federal states with sick leave of 5.5 percent were on sick leave more often and for longer than in the same period of the previous year (2015: five percent). In the West, on the other hand, the sick leave rate was significantly lower at 4.2 percent. According to the health insurance, this affects the number of days lost. This is because 32 percent more days lost were documented in the east with 1,000 days off per 100 insured than in the west (758 days absent per 100 insured).
Musculoskeletal disorders are the most common reason for days off
The main reason for the comparatively high level of sick leave was the increase in absenteeism due to mental disorders and musculoskeletal disorders. Here, the number of days off was increased by 13 percent each. Overall, back pain and other musculoskeletal disorders are the most common reason for sick leave. Every fifth day of absence was due to this (22 percent), with men being affected slightly more often than women. Diseases of the respiratory system such as e.g. Asthma or chronic bronchitis with a share of the total sickness of 17 percent.
Women are significantly more affected by mental disorders
Almost as often in the first half of 2016, employees were on sick leave due to mental illness (16% of sick leave). Women were almost twice as likely to be unable to work due to depression and other mental illnesses as men. The downtime for these diagnoses was particularly long at an average of 35 days and even exceeded the average cancer duration (32 days). In total, these three types of illness are responsible for more than 50 percent of the days absent.
Less sick people due to colds
According to the DAK, there was no strong cold wave like in early 2015 this year. Last year, the classic complaints of a flu infection such as cough, runny nose and hoarseness accounted for 20.4 percent of the total sickness rate. In 2016, these complaints reached 17 percent. (No)