Prevent and treat tick bites in dogs
Summer time is tick time. The small bloodsuckers can not only transmit dangerous infectious diseases in humans, but also in dogs. Experts have tips on how best to protect your four-legged friend and what to do in the event of a tick bite.
A tick bite can also be dangerous for dogs
They lurk in grasses, in foliage or on branches: this year, a particularly large number of ticks are on the move. The small bloodsuckers can transmit dangerous infectious diseases such as early summer meningoencephalitis (TBE) or Lyme disease. But a tick bite can be dangerous not only in humans, but also in dogs. There are enough ways that animals can heal themselves. For example, by rolling in the mud to shake off ticks. But the owners can also do a lot to protect their four-legged friends.
Protection from parasites
Animal friends Austria have some tips on their website on how best to protect your own dog and what to do in the event of a tick bite.
The four-legged friends are very fond of the parasites. According to the experts, (organic) spot-on preparations can keep ticks from their dangerous bite. However, if one of the bloodsuckers should "bite", it dies immediately after the bite. From there, the preparations, which can be applied directly to the skin, penetrate into the uppermost layers of the skin, protecting the animal for up to four weeks.
Coconut oil is said to ward off ticks
As it goes on to say, coconut oil is also said to have a tick-repellent effect. It is therefore recommended as a precautionary measure to rub the four-legged friend with the oil every day. Tick collars, on the other hand, are worn continuously and release their active ingredients over several months, also with the aim of warding off the bloodsuckers before they can get stuck. Because the spread of tick-borne pathogens varies from region to region, dog owners should always find out about the risk of ticks at the holiday location before traveling. You should also be aware of the respective danger in your home region. If in doubt, information about which tick species are particularly common and which pathogens can transmit them should be obtained from the veterinarian.
Not every tick bite leads to an illness
Despite all the preventive measures, dogs are bitten by the little animals again and again. Then what is to be done? If a tick is discovered in your own four-legged friend, keep calm. Not every tick bite necessarily ends in an illness.
According to the information, a tick usually has to suck blood between 16 and 24 hours to transmit dangerous germs. Even then, there is no guarantee that the disease will actually break out. It is best to remove stuck ticks with tools such as a pair of tick pliers or a tick hook. This process takes place in a rotational movement, the direction doesn't matter. It is not recommended to apply glue or oils to the tick. This prolongs the tick's agony, which then releases more saliva, which in turn can contain dangerous germs.
Search dog after each walk
According to the Austrian animal friends, the most common dog diseases transmitted by ticks besides borreliosis, anaplasmosis and babesiosis are Ehrlichiosis. Accordingly, this is predominantly common in the Mediterranean and in the southern regions of Europe and is therefore known as motion sickness. Unlike humans, TBE is rare in dogs because their four-legged friends have certain antibodies against the virus. The dog should always be thoroughly checked for ticks after each walk, and should suffer from symptoms such as loss of appetite, fever, joint inflammation, paralysis, muscle pain or tremors, dizziness, swollen lymph nodes, nosebleeds, jaundice or urine discolored in yellow after a tick bite a veterinarian should be consulted. (ad)