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Stiftung Warentest finds numerous pollutants in baby milk


From an expert's point of view, harmful substances in milk are avoidable
When it comes to food for babies, parents usually pay close attention to the ingredients. Beginning milk in particular is carefully examined, because it should provide the newborn with all the important nutrients in the first months of life. But it is obviously not as "clean" as parents would like this milk food to be. Instead, the commercially available infant formula often contains harmful substances, according to a recent analysis by Stiftung Warentest. For some of the substances, there is no legal maximum, but amounts like this are avoidable, the Foundation said.

Breastfeeding is the best choice for the child
Breastfeeding is the best nutrition for a baby in the first few months, because breast milk contains an ideal composition of all the nutrients that the child needs for its development. If a woman cannot or does not want to breastfeed her newborn, the alternative is the so-called "pre-milk", the composition of which is largely adapted to breast milk. Accordingly, parents go for the best quality baby formula - but unfortunately this does not apply to all products. According to a recent review by the Stiftung Warentest, beginning milk often contains pollutants.

From a nutritional point of view, all products are good
The foundation's experts had sent 15 milk powders to the laboratory, including eleven pre-prepared milk products and four products for allergy-prone babies, which are sold as "Pre HA" or "Hypoallergenic Initial Food". The pleasing result: All powders in the test performed well from a nutritional point of view and none contained pathogenic germs. However, the testers detected pollutants in seven products and had to assign negative points due to this. In total, 8 products received the grade “good” and 6 an “satisfactory”, milk did not pass the test and received an “unsatisfactory”.

Rossmann milk fails
According to the information, “Milasan Pre”, “Beba Pro Pre” and “Aptamil Beginning Milk Pre” also won the test, achieving a good final result. The baby milk from the Rossmann drugstore chain, on the other hand, “failed in the test due to the questionable amount of glycidyl esters,” the information says. Because these can be broken down during digestion and release glycidol, which according to the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) has been classified by various scientific bodies (e.g. IARC) as carcinogenic and genotoxic. "There is not yet a legal maximum amount, but such amounts can be avoided", according to the experts at Stiftung Warentest.

Glycidyl ester and chlorate detected
In two other products, increased amounts of 3-MCPD esters were found that, like the glycidyl esters, are formed during fat refining and are also considered to be carcinogenic. Since the BfR assesses the cancer risk from 3-MCPD esters as lower than that from glycidyl esters, it was still "satisfactory" for the two affected products, explains the foundation. Nevertheless, according to project manager Jochen Wettach, both substances are questionable: “Unfortunately, these are currently not yet completely avoidable; at least they can be minimized, ”said the expert.

The testers found chlorate in two other products, e.g. can get into the product via disinfectants used in dairies. The problem: chlorate can inhibit the iodine uptake in the thyroid gland and thus possibly lead to an enlargement of the thyroid gland. Here too, however, the legally prescribed maximum salary was not exceeded, which is why it was still sufficient for a “satisfactory”. (No)

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