How does the keto diet affect type 2 diabetes?
A so-called keto diet includes very low amounts of carbohydrates and a high fat intake. Actually, people should simply lose weight through this diet, but apparently the keto diet also has a decisive disadvantage. Researchers have now found that the keto diet can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.
In their current study, scientists from ETH Zurich and the University Children's Hospital Zurich found that when people go on a keto diet, they increase their risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The doctors published the results of their study in the English-language journal "Journal of Physiology".
Type 2 diabetes is very expensive
Recently, there have been repeated statements about the positive effects of the keto diet. However, experts have now found that such a diet can have dangerous consequences for those affected. It may seem to increase your risk of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is an increasing challenge for modern society because more and more people develop diabetes and this results in ever higher costs for the health system.
Why does the keto diet increase the risk of diabetes?
The keto diet is so named because it puts the body in a metabolic state in which it is fueled by the metabolism of fat and not by glycolysis. A side effect of ketogenic diets is that such a diet interferes with the process of controlling blood sugar levels and creates insulin resistance. However, if the liver is unable to respond to normal insulin levels to control blood sugar, this could increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, the scientists explain.
More research is needed
Diabetes is one of the biggest health problems, says study author Christian Wolfrum from ETH Zurich. Although ketogenic diets are known to be healthy, the results suggest that this type of diet may have an increased risk of insulin resistance, which can lead to type 2 diabetes. The next step is to try to identify the mechanism for this effect and to investigate whether it is a physiological adaptation.
Dietary restrictions can cause problems
The hypothesis is that when fatty acids are metabolized, their products have an important signaling function in the brain. This study recalls that any extreme dietary restrictions can cause unforeseen problems. People benefit from a wide variety of foods, and restricting a single group of these foods will usually cause long-term problems.
Reduced carbohydrate diets affect gut health
Many people take low-carbohydrate diets that restrict plant and fiber intake, which negatively affects gut health. Extreme diets lead to various risks, but there is still little data on their long-term effects, the experts conclude. (as)