AIDS on the advance: experts warn of the expansion of the immune deficiency disease
Before the 22nd International AIDS Conference in Amsterdam, experts pointed out that HIV infection numbers have risen dramatically in some countries. In Germany, relatively few people become infected. This is also a reason why the immune deficiency disease has largely disappeared from our heads in this country.
Almost 37 million people live with the AIDS virus
Around two years ago, the United Nations agreed on an ambitious plan: the global AIDS epidemic should end by 2030. The UN had already announced a turnaround in the previous year and announced that there were around 40 percent fewer HIV deaths worldwide. However, almost 37 million people still live with the HIV virus. At the 22nd World AIDS Conference, which takes place from July 23 to 27 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, around 18,000 participants will discuss, among other things, ways in which the disease can be contained. This is sorely needed as HIV infection numbers have risen dramatically in some countries.
Experts warn of the worldwide expansion of the immune deficiency disease
Before the World AIDS Conference, which took place under the motto "Breaking barriers, building bridges", experts warned of a dramatic global expansion of the immune deficiency disease.
According to media reports, US AIDS expert Mark Dybul said that the alarming increase in the number of new infections coupled with the growth of young sections of the population in particularly affected countries could lead to a "crisis of historic proportions".
UNAIDS (UN anti-AIDS program) has also raised the alarm at the start. In 50 countries, the number of infections has risen - against the global trend.
The reasons: No effective prevention for the most affected groups, inadequate treatment programs, exclusion of people with HIV and the most affected groups, explains the German AIDS help (DAH) in a message.
HIV infection numbers have increased dramatically in some cases
“It is dramatic: the world has long held the keys to get the epidemic under control, but numerous countries are not taking advantage of the opportunities. That costs human lives and jeopardizes previous successes, ”says Sylvia Urban from the DAH board.
According to the DAH, one focus of this conference is the situation in Eastern Europe. In Russia in particular, HIV infection numbers have increased dramatically.
According to this, more than 100,000 people are diagnosed with HIV there every year. That accounts for around two thirds of Europe's new HIV infections.
In Germany, relatively few people become infected
The number of new HIV infections does not decrease in Germany. According to the DAH, around 3,100 people are infected with HIV every year in Germany - a very low number in international comparison.
However, it should be borne in mind that many people also unknowingly live with HIV: According to estimates by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), around 14,000 Germans were unknowingly infected with HIV at the end of 2013.
According to the DAH, over 1,000 suffer from AIDS or a severe immune deficiency every year because they know nothing about the infection and remain untreated.
HIV no longer has to lead to AIDS
According to the experts, HIV no longer has to lead to AIDS.
Medicines can prevent the multiplication of HIV in the body, so that one can live well and long with the HIV infection today. The therapy also ensures that HIV is no longer communicable.
As the DAH concludes, all experience shows that a combination of prevention and treatment programs can quickly reduce the number of infections, diseases and deaths. (ad)