Dangerous vaporizers: E-cigarettes increase the risk of a heart attack
Many smokers consider e-cigarettes to be a healthier alternative to the classic tobacco cigarette. But the electrical evaporators must not be played down. According to medical experts, the daily consumption of electric cigarettes doubles the risk of heart attack.
Not harmless at all
E-cigarette consumption has increased significantly in recent years. The question of whether the electric vaporizers tempt you to smoke or help with weaning has not been finally clarified. Some users hope that the electric vaporizers will make it easier to stop smoking. In fact, studies have shown that e-cigarettes can help you quit. On the other hand, scientific studies have repeatedly found that they are not harmless. Among other things, they increase the risk of a heart attack.
Smoking makes you sick
It has long been known that many diseases can result from cigarette smoking, including in the cardiovascular area.
The annual World No Smoking Day this time focused on "tobacco consumption and heart diseases".
Experts say that smoking and passive smoking are responsible for around twelve percent of deaths from heart disease worldwide.
Internist Manfred Neuberger from the Department of Environmental Hygiene at the Medical University (MedUni) Vienna also warns of e-cigarettes, the daily consumption of which doubles the risk of a heart attack.
Health risks from e-cigarettes are underestimated
The health risks posed by e-cigarettes are still significantly underestimated: “We now know that cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks and strokes can also be expected from oxidative stress caused by e-cigarettes. This is exacerbated by the vascular effects caused by nicotine, ”explains Neuberger in a message.
E-cigarettes do not burn tobacco, but vaporize a liquid that mostly contains nicotine. The main component is often propylene glycol, which is responsible for the steam generated. Flavors such as menthol, vanilla and the like can also be found in the evaporators.
According to Neuberger, recent American studies suggest that regular consumption leads to disorders similar to tobacco smoke.
There is a decrease in heart rate variability, stiffening and reduction of the expandability of arteries, increased blood clotting and increased oxidation of lipoproteins, which increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases in the long run.
Doubling the risk of heart attack
"The daily use of e-cigarettes doubles the risk of a heart attack, tobacco cigarettes triples the risk and the alternate use of tobacco and e-cigarettes increases it five times," said the expert.
Nicotine-free e-cigarettes also harbor risks such as inflammatory reactions in the respiratory tract and damage to the epithelium in the mouth and lungs, presumably due to irritants and free radicals in the aerosol.
Neuberger sees problematic above all nicotine-containing e-cigarettes, which would facilitate the entry into nicotine addiction and would make the exit more difficult.
Dangerous tobacco heaters
Those tobacco heaters that have recently become available on the market, the so-called “heets”, are at least as dangerous. Here real tobacco is heated but not burned. Substances are created that can change the genetic material and possibly have a carcinogenic effect.
The addiction potential is comparable to that of cigarettes due to the amount of nicotine.
"Even people who stand directly next to people who smoke 'Heet' are exposed to nicotine, cardiovascular particles and traces of carcinogenic substances through the so-called 'steam'," explains Neuberger.
"Smokers can only be advised to stop smoking altogether so that their stiffened arteries regain elasticity." (Ad)