Clear gender differences in heart disease

Women suffer less from heart failure than men

According to the current heart report, one in four Germans dies of a heart disease. Those with heart failure also have a high risk of mortality. A new study has now shown that women develop it less often than men.

Gender differences in heart disease

Health experts have pointed out in the past that heart problems and heart attacks are often not recognized in women; among other things, because they can have a different symptomatic course. There are also gender differences in heart failure (heart failure). Women are affected less frequently than men, as a recent study shows.

Significant risk of mortality

Women suffer from heart failure less frequently than men; the frequency of illnesses increases in both sexes from the age of 60 and is associated with considerable mortality.

There were gender differences in some risk factors and biomarkers, with women being less at risk than men.

This is shown by a current study by the BiomarCaRE consortium, which was presented at the 84th annual conference of the German Society for Cardiology (DGK) in Mannheim.

"Further studies need to investigate whether gender-specific prevention strategies improve the prognosis," said Dr. Christiane Magnussen from the University Heart Center Hamburg, first author of the study, according to a message.

Risk factors and biomarkers

The study included data from a total of more than 78,000 people from four European cohort studies by the BiomarCaRE consortium who had no heart failure at the time of the initial examination.

The gender-specific incidence of heart failure and its association with mortality was analyzed, as well as the relationship between risk factors and biomarkers with heart failure in men and women.

During a mean follow-up of just under 13 years, fewer cases of heart failure were observed in women (5.9 percent) than in men (7.3 percent).

Significant gender differences

“Women had a less cardiovascular risk profile than men and less cardiovascular disease. The incidence of heart failure increased significantly in both sexes after the age of 60, with men initially having a faster increase that women only caught up with when they were over 85 years old, ”explains Dr. Magnussen.

"Incident heart failure was associated with a 6-fold increased risk of mortality."

Significant differences between the sexes were shown in the association of systolic blood pressure, heart rate, CRP (C-reactive protein) and Nt-proBNP (N-terminal pro-BNP), whereby women were less likely than men to have heart failure to develop.

"The classic cardiovascular risk factors explained around 60 percent of the risk in both sexes," said the expert. (ad)

Author and source information

Video: The Influence of SexGender on Cardiovascular Health (January 2022).