Intestinal flora

Gut flora - definition

The intestinal flora, also known as the intestinal flora, intestinal microbiota or intestinal microbiome, is the entirety of the microorganisms that colonize the intestine of a person or animal. The intestinal flora takes on vital functions in digestion and immune defense. A person's intestinal flora is a complex bacterial ecosystem. Bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes live together in a symbiotic flora. The formation of the intestinal flora begins shortly after birth. The number of intestinal bacteria within an intestinal flora increases with age. The intestinal flora breaks down fiber in the large intestine and breaks it down into high-energy, short-chain fatty acids. In addition, healthy intestinal flora is important for the development of a strong immune system.

Symptoms of disturbed intestinal flora

If the intestinal flora is out of balance, the defense in the intestine can no longer be properly maintained and there can be an increased settlement of fungi or pathological pathogens. This can result in various complaints such as flatulence, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, recurrent gastrointestinal disorders, food intolerance, constant fatigue, headache or fungal infections of the intestine. (vb)

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Author and source information

Video: Gut microbiota gut bacteria - Introduction (December 2021).