Red clover can relieve menopausal symptoms
Meadow clover, also called red clover, is as common as it is effective - it helps against the symptoms of menopause and inflammation of the mucous membrane. He also enriches the kitchen with healthy sprouts. The plant occurs naturally from Europe to Asia. He loves nutrient-rich soils and sun, meadows, sparse forests and roadsides all the way to the mountains. Today the clover is also grown as a medicinal plant, in China as well as in Eastern Europe.
A deep root
Meadow clover is a deep root. Its taproots grow up to 2 meters deep, which is why the plant conquers a variety of habitats. The leaves are up to six centimeters long, smooth on the edge and almost always appear in groups of three - hence the four-leaf clover as a symbol of good luck, it is very rare.
Meadow clover as a medicine
The clover contains herbal estrogens and therefore traditionally serves as a remedy for menopause symptoms. These can lead to hot flashes, sleep disorders, increased irritability as well as a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases, poor memory and decreased bone density.
Since menopause is associated with the decline of estrogens, estrogens are considered a successful medicine for the symptoms associated with this phase. However, they are suspected of causing significant side effects.
In the past, meadow clover has been used as a remedy for various ailments: it should alleviate menstrual pain, clean the blood, help with liver diseases, help cough, accelerate wound healing, alleviate intestinal inflammation, slow down diarrhea and heal inflammation of the mucous membranes. Our ancestors also used this clover to treat worms, rheumatism or gout.
Meadow clover is available as capsules, tablets or tea.
Meadow clover in the garden
Red clover is easy to cultivate in the garden. It prefers a sunny location, but also accepts partial shade, loves nutrient-rich, well-drained and slightly moist soil - and this is the rule in northern Germany.
If you want to create a wildflower meadow, the clover is one of the very few plants that will also prevail on an existing sward. So you don't have to laboriously remove the lawn like most other naked seeds - just loosen the soil.
A light germ
You can sow meadow clover at any time between March and August at a maximum depth of 1 cm, because it germinates in the light. To do this, press the seeds into the ground and sprinkle just a little soil over them, or mix the seeds with potting soil and sprinkle this mixture on the surface. The clover draws a lot of nutrients, and therefore the distance between the individual plants should be 20 cm or more.
No balcony plant
Red clover has low demands, but is not recommended as a balcony plant, since the roots can reach a length of up to 2 meters. If you still want to try it, offer the clover a deep pot so that there is scope for the roots.
In the garden, the plant generally does not need any additional watering. She likes it a bit damp, but pulls the water deep from the earth and has no problems with dry seasons.
It hibernates without problems. The roots are preserved and the leaves die off. The plant will sprout again next spring.
A kitchen plant
We know meadow clover primarily as animal feed and green manure. But it is not only suitable for rabbits, but also for humans and goes well with green salads. We use the meadow clover sprouts and sprinkle them like watercress on the prepared field, iceberg or lettuce.
In the kitchen, the sprouts need about a week to be worth eating.
The flowers also taste mild and can be used in sauces, salads and spreads.
Recipe for clover tea
We prepare a tea by infusing 3 teaspoons of dried flowers in boiling water, about 15 minutes. Then we pour the water off. It is recommended to drink up to three cups a day.
There are no valid studies on the side effects of red clover products. Estrogen is generally considered to be problematic, and it is questionable whether such artificially administered hormones promote or even trigger breast cancer. Conversely, one of these isoflavones, biochanin A, even showed protection against breast cancer.
Studies have shown headache and nausea over a long period of ingestion. However, there is no sufficient evidence that these were causally related to the plant.
Purchase meadow clover
Capsules, tea and tinctures are not subject to medication and can therefore be bought in normal shops as a dietary supplement. However, you will hardly find the clover in a fresh form on the vegetable counter.
Home-grown seeds, special sets for growing sprouts and fresh seedlings are available from garden centers, health food stores and vegetable shops.
Speculation and fashion
Red clover has been fashionable in recent decades. The trigger for this is that Asian women suffer less from menopausal symptoms than Central Europeans. Some blame the proportion of plant estrogens in soy.
However, there is no evidence that regular consumption of such plant estrogens slows down the symptoms of the menopause. In any case, the clover contains these phytoestrogens, biochanin A, formononetin, daidzein and genistein and is suitable for followers of estrogen thesis.
How does red clover work?
So far, there is no clinical evidence that Wiesenklee reduces the symptoms of menopause. This is because it has not been extensively scientifically researched.
As a precaution, you should not consume the plant if you are pregnant or have breast cancer linked to estrogens. (Dr. Utz Anhalt)
Author and source information
This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.
Dr. phil. Utz Anhalt, Barbara Schindewolf-Lensch
- Berger, Markus: Weed - medicinal herb: it comes when you need it, New Earth, 2014
- Medicinal herb pages: www.heilkraeuter.de (accessed: 20.01.2018), red clover
- The herb book: www.kraeuter-buch.de (accessed: 22.01.2018), red clover
- Lipovac, Markus: "Effect of Red Clover Isoflavones over Skin, Appendages, and Mucosal Status in Postmenopausal Women", in: Obstetrics and Gynecology International, 2011, Hindawi
- Liath, Claudia: The Green Grove, Books on Demand, 2012