The diagnosis describes a person's state of health or disease. When making the diagnosis (diagnosis), the patient's medical history, existing symptoms, medical examinations (eavesdropping, palpation, exercise tests etc.) and other special diagnostic methods (blood tests, X-rays, ultrasound, magnetic resonance tomography, computer tomography) Biopsies etc.) analyzed the symptoms of those affected. Ideally, it can be clearly determined which disease is plaguing the patient and an appropriately confirmed diagnosis can be made.

However, the diagnosis is often complicated and especially people with rare diseases often go through a regular odyssey of doctor visits before they receive a correct diagnosis. A thorough medical history (recording the medical history) is an important tool for identifying existing diseases, especially in the case of such complicated diagnoses. However, there is often very little time left for the conversation between doctor and patient in everyday practice. Correlations between different symptoms may not be recognized, which could also provide clues for the differential diagnosis (exclusion of other diseases with similar symptoms). At worst, misdiagnosis follows. The importance of the medical history for the further course of the diagnosis should therefore not be underestimated, even if it alone is usually not sufficient to make a reliable diagnosis. (fp)

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