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Chronic pain is a complaint that is difficult to treat, in which the pain has become independent and becomes an independent disease. Back pain and headache are among the most common clinical pictures of chronic pain. Nerve pain is also common. Chronic pain is widespread, millions of people in Germany suffer from it. One speaks of a chronic pain syndrome if pain persists for more than three to six months, or if pain persists beyond the expected healing time.
There are two types of chronic pain, nociceptive and neuropathic pain. Nociceptive pain can occur as a result of tissue trauma in which the peripheral and central nervous system remains functional. While neuropathic pain can arise after damage or diseases of the peripheral or central nervous system. Chronic pain sickness can have far-reaching consequences for those affected. In addition to disability, mental illnesses such as depression are a possible consequence. The treatment of the syndrome is complicated and requires resource-intensive and time-consuming multimodal pain therapy. Various elements of different treatment concepts, such as psychotherapy, behavioral and occupational therapy, are combined. (vb)
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