Costume jewelry often triggers nickel allergies
Some people are allergic when they come into contact with objects that contain nickel. Certain limit values actually apply, but these are sometimes exceeded. Among other things in fashion jewelry. The State Office for Agriculture, Food Safety and Fisheries Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania has now tested some of these items.
Many people are allergic to nickel
Many people are allergic to nickel. Experts say that an average of 8.6 to 19.2 percent of the population in Europe is allergic to nickel, with women more often than men. When they come into contact with the metal, they develop what is known as contact eczema, which appears as an itchy rash. Other substances can also trigger such contact allergies, but nickel is especially known for it. Alloys from the metal are used in numerous everyday objects. Among other things in costume jewelry. The State Office for Agriculture, Food Safety and Fisheries Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (LALLF M-V) has now tested some of these items.
Limit values are not always met
Swedish researchers published a study last year that revealed that nickel contains significantly more products than was previously known.
The metal is used, among other things, in the production of buttons, which is why contact allergy due to jeans buttons occurs more often.
Doctors from the United States even reported that nickel rashes can also cause a rash on the iPad. There are actually certain limits for the manufacturers when using the metal. But apparently these are not always observed.
This is also shown by studies from northern Germany.
Fashion jewelry tested
According to a report by the dpa news agency, the State Office for Agriculture, Food Safety and Fisheries Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (LALLF M-V) in Rostock tested 54 jewelery and other items containing nickel in Rostock this year.
"In two samples - just under 4 percent - the nickel levies exceeded the maximum permitted amounts," said department head Cornelia Trapp, according to the agency. "That was a watch band and a piercing plug."
According to the information, a total of 23 costume jewelry, 14 watch straps, seven metal jeans buttons and ten piercing parts from retail in northern Germany were tested.
Comply with legal requirements
According to the LALLF, the amount of nickel that is emitted from a metal object during simulated physical contact is measured.
The allergen, a nickel ion, can be released from materials containing nickel by sweat and then cause a body reaction.
According to the dpa report, the complaint rates for nickel have dropped nationwide at the examination offices, but dermatological publications indicate that the number of patients with nickel allergy due to piercing jewelry is increasing.
As Trapp explained, the controls would have to make the manufacturers comply with all legal requirements. A total of eleven of the 54 samples were objected to due to missing or ambiguous information on the nickel content. (ad)