Unfortunately, two million Germans do not know about their own diabetes

Diabetes in Germany: about 300,000 new cases are added every year

The number of diabetes patients worldwide has been increasing massively for years. The disease continues to increase in Germany as well. According to a current report, around 300,000 new cases are added every year in Germany. Many don't know about their illness.

One of the big common diseases

"Diabetes mellitus is one of the major widespread diseases in Germany," says the foreword to the "German Health Report Diabetes 2018". The annual report, which is published by the German Diabetes Society (DDG) and diabetesDE - German Diabetes Aid, contains the latest figures and developments on the disease. As the DDG writes in a statement, around 6.7 million people in Germany are currently suffering from diabetes mellitus.

Most of them suffer from type 2 diabetes

About 95 percent suffer from type 2 diabetes, an estimated 312,000 adults and over 31,500 children and adolescents under 20 years of age have type 1 diabetes.

"In the last quarter of a century, the number of people affected has increased by more than a third: around 300,000 new cases are added every year," says the report.

The number of unreported cases is considered to be particularly problematic: Around two million sufferers know nothing of their illness.

Dramatic consequences

Bad or even untreated diabetes has dramatic consequences: According to the DDG, the complication rate for heart attack, heart failure (heart failure) and stroke is about 2 to 3 times higher.

As a result of diabetes, 40,000 legs, feet or toes are amputated each year, and around 2,000 people go blind.

In addition, diabetes is the most common cause of people having to go through dialysis regularly. The life expectancy and quality of life of the patients are significantly reduced.

Risk factors for diabetes

The main risk factors for type 2 diabetes are unhealthy diet, lack of exercise and being overweight or obese.

This is different with type 1 diabetes. Rather, this is due to misguided immune system reactions, in which the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas are destroyed.

This results in an absolute insulin deficiency and the body can no longer metabolize blood sugar.

Healthier lifestyle

The goal of optimal care is to normalize the life expectancy and quality of life of people with diabetes. "A life without diabetes" would be the ideal, it says in the current health report.

Insulin injections are the standard therapy for type 1.

For type 2, a healthy lifestyle is usually recommended first. Losing weight can often normalize insulin levels again.

Regular exercise also helps to lower high blood sugar. For this, sports such as jogging, Nordic walking, cycling or even walking are possible.

In addition, scientific studies have provided information that certain foods can have a positive effect. For example, a study showed that broccoli lowers blood sugar in type 2 diabetics. (ad)

Author and source information

Video: Preserving Your Beta Cells: Peter Butler,. at TEDxDelMar (December 2021).