Why are women less likely to be resuscitated after cardiac arrest?
Every second counts when it comes to reviving people. American researchers now wanted to find out whether there are differences in willingness to resuscitate that relate to gender. They found that women are revived much less often than men affected. There also seems to be a reason for this: helpers are afraid of accusations if they are to revive women.
In their current study, scientists from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia found that women are much less likely to get help if, for example, they suffer from cardiac arrest. Aid workers are often concerned that they may face reproaches after attempting to resuscitate women. The experts published a press release on the results of their study.
Women often do not receive life-saving help
When there is a cardiac arrest in public, every second counts and quick action is required. Therefore, the current study result is particularly worrying. In many cases, people do not intervene with women who urgently need life-saving help.
Physicians analyzed the data from more than 19,000 patients
For their investigation, the researchers evaluated the patient data from more than 19,000 patients. They concluded that men are more likely to survive cardiac arrest in public. The result is terrifying: when women suffer a cardiac arrest in public, only 39 percent receive a life-saving cardiac massage that is necessary. However, if a man finds himself in the same situation, help is provided in 45 percent of the cases.
Men are more likely to survive cardiac arrest in public
According to the medical experts, this means that men are 23 percent more likely to survive such a life-threatening incident than women. The difference found when performing a cardiac massage only occurs when a life-threatening cardiac arrest occurs in public.
How do I do a cardiac massage?
When first aiders are forced to perform a chest compressions, they should press the center of the person's upper body approximately 100 times per minute. Experts advise that this should be done so vigorously that the upper body sinks about five centimeters deep.
Insecurity and false shame seems to cost many women their lives
According to study author Audrey Blewer from the University of Pennsylvania, the lack of willingness to help women with cardiac arrest seems to be due to the fact that there is a lot of uncertainty among many people as to whether they can really touch women in the chest area in public.
In an emergency, quick action is required
Not only the lack of willingness to help among women is a big problem. In Germany alone, around 10,000 human lives could be saved each year if first-aiders started a cardiac massage immediately. Most people have certainly had a first aid course some years ago. For this reason, in an emergency situation, these people often have doubts as to how a cardiac massage should be carried out correctly. Such doubts are in a situation where every second counts, however, completely unfounded. It is important to act at all and to start first aid immediately, the authors explain.
Resuscitation must be done immediately, regardless of gender
"The key finding from this data is that we need to find better and more effective ways to inform the public of the need to perform resuscitation regardless of factors such as gender, age, or the weight of the individual," explains author Dr. Benjamin Abella. (as)