Expert interview: If the intestine is sick - everything is sick

When the intestine is sick, the whole body suffers
A statement that catches the eye: can disorders in the intestine also cause problems in other areas? Yes, they do - and to a much greater extent than previously thought. Our gut is a very influential, own microcosm. Dr. describes the effects this has on our overall health. med. Jörn Reckel under the apt title "Bowel sick - everything sick". We have with Dr. Reckel interviewed about this.

“Gut intestine - everything sick” is the title of your book. What is behind this statement?
The gut affects everything in our entire body, including the psyche. It can never be seen in isolation. Why you should always think about the intestine when you have health problems - even if it does not cause any complaints. A holistic view and treatment of intestinal complaints is therefore essential. Because: Numerous complaints, such as joint diseases and even depression, can be attributed to disorders in the intestinal flora. This is because intestinal bacteria secrete substances that can damage all areas in our body.

It is also important to answer your question that the inside of the intestine does not belong to our body - even if it is difficult to imagine. But the fact is that the interior of the gut is the outside world for us. I always say that the intestinal bacteria live on us, on our mucous membrane, and not in us.

Have problems with the intestine increased?
Over the past three decades, definitely. This is mainly due to eating habits, which are known not to have changed for the best. Describing bowel complaints as "widespread diseases", as is now often the case, is certainly exaggerated. The public's interest in the intestine has simply increased, which is also reflected in the great media attention and is thereby increased.

What can bring the intestinal flora out of its healthy balance?
The most important causes of a disturbed intestinal flora are damage caused by taking antibiotics. Their worst side effect is the impairment of the bacterial balance in the intestine. Bowel disorders very often occur after previous infections that have been treated with antibacterial agents. Diet also plays an important role: Too many carbohydrates, especially from wheat and therefore too much gluten, can severely disrupt the intestinal flora. This also applies to foods that are processed industrially and are therefore denatured.

Permanent stress also has an impact on the bacterial population in the intestine. This can lead to digestion happening too quickly or, on the contrary, to block it and slow it down. The often suspected involvement of the psyche should not be overestimated. It is much the other way around: Disorders of the intestinal flora have a negative effect on the mental state. As mentioned, depression can be caused by it. For example, 90 percent of the good mood hormone serotonin is produced by the intestine - but only if it is healthy! If there are problems here, too little of the important neurotransmitter is available - with the corresponding effects on our mental state.

What role do food intolerances play?
A big one: intolerance to certain substances in our food, such as gluten, milk protein or lactose, are important triggers for disorders in the intestinal flora. Because this affects the digestion and the utilization of nutrients and fermentation and putrefaction processes with massive gas formation can occur.

What nutrition is recommended to keep the intestinal flora healthy?
The best one with little strength - that is, carbohydrates should be reduced. It is also important not to consume too much fiber. Because we cannot digest them without a strong intestinal flora. In practice, this also means eating as little raw as possible, but rather better cooked and steamed, since heated fiber is easier to digest.
With regard to the indigestible fiber, I also recommend bread made from finely ground grain instead of coarsely ground. Meat and fish provide valuable protein and are therefore recommended; especially since it is relatively unproblematic for the digestive processes in the intestine. In addition, meat and fish feed well and this helps to eat fewer carbohydrates. Last but not least, care should be taken not to eat too late and not too generously in the evening. The well-known saying "like a king in the morning, like a beggar in the evening ..." is indeed justified.

How does the modified microecological therapy work?
The ecosystem in the intestine is brought back into balance. To achieve this, we use probiotics. These swallowable preparations specifically target certain bacteria. In this way, they intervene regulatingly in the disturbed intestinal flora: desired bacterial cultures are strengthened, while undesired ones are suppressed. In this way, the flora can recover and restore the healthy balance itself. Those with lactic acid bacteria are of great importance among probiotics. Because the pH in the intestine is usually too basic, so the environment is not acidic enough. Lactic acid brings the pH value into the acidic range and ensures that, among other things, harmful putrefactive bacteria are suppressed. I often use a preparation that releases oxygen. This displaces bacteria that do not tolerate oxygen. These fermenting and putrefactive anaerobes can disrupt the intestinal flora in excess.
They also give digestive enzymes to clean up the intestinal flora.

Digestive enzymes play an important role in my microecological therapy. Because they ensure that the digestion runs optimally - the food is broken down as well as possible. The less of this remains for the fermentation and putrefaction germs, the better it is for the balance of the desired intestinal flora. Pancreatic enzymes are often used (pancreatin; the main ingredients are lipases, amylases and proteases). Since gastric digestion is mostly involved in the problems in the intestine, I often prescribe a combination of gastric enzymes (pepsin) and amino acids. The enzyme preparations are then taken for at least four weeks.

What gave you the idea for this book?
I had the idea in my head for a long time. In the end, my audience, the audience at my medical and naturopath seminars, took care of the implementation. Because they kept asking me whether the content of the lectures is also available in writing. When I got the request from the publisher and a co-author, the matter was clear. Thank you for the interview, Dr. Reckel.

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