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Italy introduces compulsory vaccination against ten diseases after the measles outbreak
In Italy, the government has decided to vaccinate children after a measles epidemic. This applies to a total of ten diseases. Parents who fail to do so face severe penalties. Germany has also been considering a possible measles vaccination for a long time.
Enacted vaccination law
Health experts reported a few months ago that measles eradication was slowed down again and that there are more sick people. According to experts, more people would have to be vaccinated to win the fight against the virus. Therefore, measles vaccination is always discussed. There has never been one in Germany, and in Italy the government has now passed a law on vaccinations for children.
Protection from ten diseases
In Italy, after a measles outbreak, mandatory vaccinations for all children and adolescents under the age of 17 were decided. According to a message from the dpa news agency, Parliament voted in Rome on Friday with 296 to 92 votes in favor.
Before the decision, thousands of vaccine opponents across the country demonstrated against the law.
According to the information, parents must now have their children vaccinated against ten diseases, in addition to measles, among other things against mumps, rubella, polio, tetanus, whooping cough and chickenpox.
If parents refuse, they are no longer allowed to take their children to kindergarten and may be fined 500 to 1,000 euros.
It is said that vaccinations can only be postponed or omitted for medical reasons - and only if a doctor attests them.
Measles epidemic kills three people
The measles epidemic in Italy has resulted in three deaths since the beginning of the year. According to official data, 3,672 people were infected by mid-July. Only 87 percent of Italians are vaccinated against measles.
According to experts, however, a vaccination rate of 95 percent is necessary to effectively prevent the spread of the highly contagious pathogens.
Before the decision, thousands of opponents of the vaccination across the country demonstrated against the mandatory vaccination because they fear, among other things, side effects of the vaccination.
The populist five-star movement - Italy's now largest opposition party - also partially adopted the criticism.
No vaccination in Germany
In Germany there is no compulsory vaccination against measles - and also against other diseases. A majority of Germans would welcome this, but numerous experts are against it. They prefer education rather than vaccination.
There are many critics and skeptics. "It is justified to require special care when vaccinating and to critically discuss controversial points - not least because vaccinations are among the most common medical measures," wrote the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) on its website.
The RKI experts together with their colleagues from the Paul Ehrlich Institute give explanations on the “20 most common objections to vaccination”.
One thing is clear: “Vaccinations differ from other medical interventions. On the one hand, they aim not only at the benefit of the individual, but also at protecting the entire population. On the other hand, they are carried out on healthy people. "
Risks are overestimated
Vaccinations are wrongly a controversial topic, says Mag. DDr. Wolfgang Maurer, who is responsible for vaccination at the Vienna University Clinic for Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.
"Risks are generally misjudged," said the expert in an interview. And: "The frequency of vaccine damage is overestimated, there are often other diseases behind it, which occur just after vaccination, but are not the cause, such as many epilepsy."
In principle, vaccination measures can not only protect yourself, but also others. This can also prevent deaths, as is repeatedly shown, among other things, in measles diseases in small children. (ad)